How will the environment be protected?

A First Nation will have the power to make environmental laws. These laws will deal with environmental assessment and protection.

Environmental management and assessment agreements will be negotiated between each First Nation and Canada for funding these laws and for harmonization of First Nation, provincial and federal environmental laws.

What happens to existing environmental problems under the Indian Act?

If there is an existing environmental problem on a reserve before the Land Code takes effect, the federal government continues to be responsible for the problem and liable for any of its actions that may have caused the problem.

Before bringing a reserve under its Land Code, a First Nation is entitled to full disclosure on any environmental problem from Canada. The First Nation may decide to exclude the land from its Land Code until the problem is fixed by Canada.