What are the Major Benefits of the Framework Agreement to First Nations?

  • First real recognition of First Nation right to manage its reserve lands and resources
  • Removal of reserve lands from the Indian Act
  • Community control over First Nation land management and development
  • Inclusion of both off-reserve and on-reserve members in important decisions
  • increased accountability to members of the First Nation
  • More efficient management of First Nation land
  • Recognition of First Nation legal capacity to acquire and hold property, to borrow, to contract, to expend and invest money, to be a party to legal proceedings, to exercise its powers and to perform its duties
  • Transfer by Canada of previous land revenues to First Nation
  • Recognition of the right to receive revenue from interests in First Nation land
  • Protection against arbitrary expropriation of First Nation land
  • Protection against loss of First Nation land through surrender for sale
  • Ability of First Nation to protect the environment
  • Ability of First Nation to address the current vacuum on rules related to land during marriage breakdown
  • Recognition of significant law-making powers respecting First Nation land
  • Removal of the need to obtain Ministerial approval for First Nation laws
  • Recognition in Canadian courts of First Nation laws
  • Recognition of right to create modern offences for breach of First Nation laws
  • Ability to appoint Justices of the Peace
  • Ability to create a local dispute resolution processes
  • Establishment of a legal registry system
  • Establishment of a First Nation run Lands Board to provide technical assistance to First Nations